Mechanical and Civil Engineering Seminar

Friday May 15, 2020 2:00 PM

Reduced-order model for dynamic soil-pipe interaction analysis

Speaker: Kien T. Nguyen, Civil Engineering, Caltech
Location: Online Event

Kien T. Nguyen
PhD. Thesis Defense

Pipelines are very vulnerable infrastructure components to geohazard-induced ground deformation and failure. How soil transmits loads on pipeline and vice-versa, known as soil-pipe interaction (SPI), thus is very important for the assessment and design of resilient pipeline systems.

In the first part, this work proposes a simplified macroelement designed to capture SPI in cohesionless soils subjected to arbitrary loading normal to the pipeline axis. We present the development of a uniaxial hysteresis model that can capture the smooth nonlinear reaction force-relative displacement curves (FDCs) of SPI problems. Using the unscented Kalman filter, we derived the model parameter k that controls the smoothness of transition zone from linear to plastic using published experimental data. We extended this uniaxial model to biaxial loading effects and showed that the macroelement can capture effects such as pinching and shear-dilation coupling. The model input parameters were calibrated using finite-element (FE) analyses validated by experiments. The FDCs of the biaxial model were verified by comparison with FE and smoothed-particle hydrodynamic (SPH) simulations for different loading patterns: cyclic uniaxial, 0-shaped, 8-shaped, and transient loading. Accounting for smooth nonlinearity, hysteresis, pinching, and coupling effects, the proposed biaxial macroelement showed good agreement with FE and SPH analyses, while maintaining the computational efficiency and simplicity of beam-on-nonlinear-Winkler foundation models, as well as a small number of input parameters.

Next, this work presents analytical solutions for computing frequency-domain axial and in-plane soil impedance functions (SIFs) for an infinitely long rigid circular structure buried horizontally in homogeneous elastic half-space. Using Hankel- and Bessel-Fourier series expansion, we solved a mixed-boundary-value problem considering a harmonic displacement at the structure boundary and traction-free boundary condition at the half-space free surface. We then verified our analytical solutions using results obtained from FE simulations. The SIFs of a buried structure in homogeneous elastic half-space calculated by these two approaches are in perfect agreement with each other. In addition, we used analytical solutions and FE simulations to comprehensively investigate factors that affect the SIFs in homogeneous and two-layered half-spaces, respectively. The parametric study shows that SIFs of buried structures in elastic half-space primarily depend on frequency of excitation, shear modulus and Poisson's ratio of the half-space, burial depth and radius of the structure. In two-layered soil domain, SIFs depend also on material contrast and the distance from the structure location to the interface between soil layers.

Lastly, it demonstrates how the SIFs obtained previously can be incorporated into a reduced-order model to analyze SPI problems, specifically a straight pipe subjected to Rayleigh surface wave propagating through homogeneous and heterogeneous elastic half-spaces. Calculated displacement time histories at control points are shown to agree well with those computed by direct two-dimensional FE analyses.

Series Mechanical and Civil Engineering Seminar

Contact: Holly Golcher