ENGenious

ENGenious is a publication for alumni and friends of the Division of Engineering and Applied Science.

CASE

The 2013 issue of ENGenious has won a silver award from the Council for Advancement and Support of Education (CASE) District VII in the Awards of Excellence category of Annual Magazines. [View article]

Table of Contents - Issue No.10, Fall 2013

Message From The Chair

Ares Rosakis
PDF / HTML

Snap Shots

French Republic’s Order of Academic Palms
Decreasing the Energy Bill of California Homeowners
The Art of Data
Engineers Without Borders
PDF / HTML

Alumni Profile

James E. Hall
PDF / HTML

Progress Report

Untangling Turbulence
PDF / HTML

EAS Feature

Medical Engineering
A Moral Obligation
PDF / HTML

Progress Report

Move Bits not Watts
Algorithms for Sustainable Data Centers
PDF / HTML

Thomas

Inside back cover: The Franklin Thomas Laboratory of Engineering, the home of the Department of Mechanical and Civil Engineering as well as the office of the Chair of the Division of Engineering and Applied Science, is being upgraded to serve changing research and teaching needs. The renovated building will house state-of-the-art research and teaching laboratories that reflect the evolving focus of the department toward engineering a sustainable physical environment. The building will also include a new auditorium and will have an open layout that brings in natural light, integrates the building with the courtyard, and promotes collaboration. The architects, AC Martin, have incorporated many design features that reflect the innovative research that will be conducted within. The building will also recognize the generous support to the Institute of both the Gates Frontiers Fund, in memory of former Caltech trustee Charles Gates, and alumnus Jim Hall (BS ’57) and his wife Sandy.

Rarest Flower

Rarest Flower: This picture is a false-color scanning electron microscopy image of a collapsed carbon nanotube (CNT) pillar. The pillar is fabricated using chemical vapor deposition process on a substrate that has been pre-coated with a thin-film iron catalyst. Here, the catalyst layer is patterned with a periodic array of five-pointed stars. Subsequent to the growth process, this pillar is subjected to oxygen plasma treatment and capillography process. The role of oxygen plasma treatment is twofold: to functionalize each CNT with oxygenated groups and to etch the outer portion of the pillar. The capillography process is performed to collapse CNT pillars radially inward.

Generally, the etching process of CNT pillars by oxygen plasma treatment occurs isotropically in both lateral and vertical directions. However, the presence of CNT entanglement at the tip of the pillar creates a directional variation in the etching process. Thus, the mid-section of the CNT pillar is typically etched faster than the tip. The mid-section of the CNT pillar is further collapsed when it is subjected to capillography process. The flower-like shape is then formed due to the mismatch in diameter of the mid-section and the tip of the CNT pillar.

A combination of oxygen plasma treatment and capillography process is utilized to reduce the size and to improve the CNT packing density of CNT pillars subsequent to the growth process. Such modification is deemed necessary whenever the CNT pillars are used as scaffolds for composite microneedles. These microneedles have been envisioned for use in a rapid self-administered and painless drug delivery system, replacing the commonly used hypodermic needles.

Alumni Profile

Clive Smith
Using Mathematics to Reinvent the Stethoscope
PDF / HTML

Research Note

Therapeutic Bubbles
PDF / HTML

Campus Resource

Asking the Tough Questions
Caltech Center for Teaching, Learning, and Outreach
PDF / HTML


The Caltech Division of Engineering and Applied Science consists of seven departments and supports close to 90 faculty who are working at the edges of fundamental science to invent the technologies of the future.

Editor

Trity Pourbahrami

Designer

Vicki Chiu

Transcriber

Leona Kershaw

Copy Editor

Sara Arnold

Contributing Writers

Jeff Mortimer
Vicki Chiu

Feedback

engeniousSymbolatcaltech.edu

Image Credits

Cover: Adrianus Indrat Aria (advisor: Morteza Gharib)
p. 2: Robert Whittlesey, MS Aero ’09, PhD Aero ’13 (advisor: John O. Dabiri)
pp. 3, 11, 15, 16, 18, 19, 21, 22, 23, 24, 26, 27, 28, 32, 35, 40, 43: Vicki Chiu p. 4: French Republic: Bill Youngblood; Esha Wang: Janet Wang
p. 5: Interactive Game of Life: Alan Menezes; Mushkin, Exoskeleton: Russell Smith; bottom right: courtesy of Engineers Without Borders, University of Colorado-Boulder Chapter
pp. 6, 8: Courtesy of Jim Hall
p. 9: Trity Pourbahrami
p. 10: Hanabusa Itcho
p. 12: Caltech/JPL/Art Center Data Visualization Summer Internship Program and McKeon Research Group
p. 17: Courtesy of Gharib Group
pp. 20, 25, 30, and inside front cover: Lance Hayashida
p. 31: Wenbin Du, reproduced with permission from Royal Society of Chemistry from Lab on a Chip, 2010
pp. 36–39: Courtesy of Clive Smith
p. 37: Laennec stethoscope: Science Museum/Science & Society Picture Library
Inside back cover: © AC Martin 2013

Division of Engineering and Applied Science